News | Nov. 4, 2020

Appendix A. Selected Bibliography

By Thomas F. Lynch III Strategic Assessment 2020

Download PDF

Abe, Shinzo. “Confluence of the Two Seas.” Ministry of Foreign Affairs–Japan, August 22, 2007.

Allen, Gregory. Understanding China’s AI Strategy: Clues to Chinese Strategic Thinking on Artificial Intelligence and National Security. Washington, DC: Center for a New American Security, February 6, 2019.

Allison, Graham. Destined for War: Can America and China Escape Thucydides’s Trap? New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2017.

———. “The New Spheres of Influence: Sharing the Globe with Other Great Powers.” Foreign Affairs 99, no. 2 (March/April 2020).

Arbatova, Nadezda. “Three Faces of Russia’s Neo-Eurasianism.” Survival 61, no. 6 (December 2019–January 2020).

Archick, Kristin. Transatlantic Relations: U.S. Interests and Key Issues, R45745. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, May 31, 2019.

Asada, Sadao. “From Washington to London: The Imperial Japanese Navy and the Politics of Naval Limitation, 1921–30.” In The Washington Naval Conference, 1921–22. Erik Goldstein and John Maurer, eds. London: Frank Cass & Company, 1994.

Aso, Taro. “Arc of Freedom and Prosperity: Japan’s Expanding Diplomatic Horizons.” Speech by Mr. Taro Aso, Minister for Foreign Affairs on the Occasion of the Japan Institute of International Affairs Seminar, November 30, 2006.

Assessment on U.S. Defense Implications of China’s Expanding Global Access. Washington, DC: Department of Defense, December 2018.

Bader, Jeffrey A. Obama and China’s Rise: An Insider’s Account of America’s Asia Strategy. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2012.

Baldwin, David. Paradoxes of Power. New York: Bail Blackwell, 1989.

Barry, Jon M. The Great Influenza: The Story of the Deadliest Pandemic in History. New York: Penguin Books, 2004.

Bayles, Martha. “How the World Perceives the New American Dream.” The Atlantic, October 10, 2015.

Beckley, Michael. “Economic Development and Military Effectiveness.” Journal of Strategic Studies 33, no. 1 (February 2010).

———. “The Power of Nations: Measuring What Matters.” International Security 43, no. 2 (Fall 2018).

Blankenship, Brian D., and Benjamin Denison. “Is America Prepared for Great Power Competition?” Survival 61, no. 5 (October–November 2019).

Bley, Bonnie. “The New Geography of Global Diplomacy: China Advances as the United States Retreats.” Foreign Affairs, November 27, 2019.

Bodine-Baron, Elizabeth, Todd C. Helmus, Andrew Radin, and Elina Treyger. “Countering Russian Social Media Influence.” Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2018.

Bolsover, Gillian. Computational Propaganda in China: An Alternative Model of a Widespread Practice. Computational Propaganda Research Project Working Paper No. 2017.4. Oxford: Project on Computational Propaganda, 2017.

Boustany, Jr., Charles W., and Aaron L. Friedberg. Partial Disengagement: A New U.S. Strategy for Economic Competition with China. Seattle: National Bureau of Asian Research, November 2019.

Brands, Hal. “The Lost Art of Long-Term Competition.” The Washington Quarterly 41, no. 4 (Fall 2019).

———. Making the Unipolar Moment: U.S. Foreign Policy and the Rise of the Post–Cold War Order. Cornell, NY: Cornell University Press, 2016.

Brands, Hal, and Zack Cooper. “After the Responsible Stakeholder, What? Debating America’s China Strategy.” Texas National Security Review 2, no. 2 (February 2019).

Brands, Hal, and Peter D. Feaver. “Reevaluating Diplomatic and Military Power: What Are America’s Alliances Good For?” Parameters 4, no. 2 (Summer 2017).

Brooks, Stephen G., and William C. Wohlforth. America Abroad: The United States’ Global Role in the 21st Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.

Brown, Michael, Eric Chewning, and Pavneet Singh. Preparing the United States for the Superpower Marathon with China. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, April 2020.

Brunnermeier, Markus, Rush Doshi, and Harold James. “Beijing’s Bismarckian Ghosts: How Great Powers Compete Economically.” The Washington Quarterly 41, no. 3 (Fall 2018).

Buckley, Chris, and Paul Mozur. “How China Uses High-Tech Surveillance to Subdue Minorities.” New York Times, May 22, 2019.

Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance. Adherence to and Compliance with Arms Control, Nonproliferation, and Disarmament Agreements and Commitments. Department of State, August 2019.

———. Annual Report on Implementation of the New START Treaty. Department of State, February 2019.

Burrows, Mathew J., and Peter Engelke. What World Post COVID-19? Three Scenarios. Washington, DC: Atlantic Council, April 2020.

Campbell, Charles S. From Revolution to Rapprochement: The United States and Great Britain, 1783–1900. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1974.

Campbell, Kurt M. The Pivot: The Future of American Statecraft. New York: Hatchett Book Group, 2016.

Campbell, Kurt M., and Rush Doshi. “The Coronavirus Could Reshape Global Order.” Foreign Affairs, March 18, 2020.

Campbell, Kurt M., and Ely Ratner. “The China Reckoning: How Beijing Defied American Expectations.” Foreign Affairs 98, no. 2 (March/April 2018).

Campbell, Kurt M., and Jake Sullivan. “Competition Without Catastrophe.” Foreign Affairs 98, no. 5 (September/October 2019).

Cheng, Cheng. “The Logic Behind China’s Foreign Aid Agency.” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, May 21, 2019.

Cheng, Dean. Cyber Dragon: Inside China’s Information Warfare and Cyber Operations. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger Security International, 2016.

Cheung, Tai Ming, and Thomas G. Mahnken. The Gathering Pacific Storm. Amherst, NY: Cambria, 2018.

China and the World in the New Era. Beijing: The State Council Information Office of the People’s Republic of China, September 2019.

China’s National Defense in the New Era [Defense White Paper]. Beijing: The State Council Information Office of the People’s Republic of China, July 2019.

Clinton, Hillary. “America’s Pacific Century.” Foreign Policy, no. 189 (November–December 2011).

Coker, Christopher. Future War. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 2015.

Conway, Maura, Ryan Scrivens, and Logan Macnair. Right-Wing Extremists’ Persistent Online Presence: History and Contemporary Trends. The Hague: International Centre for Counter-Terrorism, November 2019.

Cook, Sarah. “Beijing’s Global Megaphone: The Expansion of Chinese Communist Party Media Influence Since 2017.” Freedom House, 2020.

Crammond, Edgar. “The Economic Relations of the British and German Empires.” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society 77, no. 8 (July 1914).

Cyrill, Melissa. “What Is Made in China 2025 and Why Has It Made the World So Nervous?” China Briefing, December 28, 2018.

Dalton, Melissa, et al. By Other Means—Part II: U.S. Priorities in the Gray Zone. Washington, DC: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2019.

Defense Intelligence Agency. China Military Power: Modernizing a Force to Fight and Win. Washington, DC: Defense Intelligence Agency, 2019.

———. Iran Military Power: Ensuring Regime Survival and Securing Regional Dominance. Washington, DC: Defense Intelligence Agency, 2019.

———. Russia Military Power: Building a Military to Support Great Power Aspirations. Washington, DC: Defense Intelligence Agency, 2017.

Denmark, Abraham. “Ideological Competition in the Indo-Pacific.” Asia Dispatches, March 27, 2018.

Department of Defense Arctic Strategy. Washington, DC: Department of Defense, June 2019.

Department of Defense Strategy for Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction. Washington, DC: Department of Defense, June 2014.

Dinan, Desmond, Neil Nugent, and William E. Patterson. The European Union in Crisis. London: Red Globe Press, 2017.

DiResta, Renee. “For China, the ‘USA Virus’ Is a Geopolitical Ploy.” The Atlantic, April 11, 2020.

Dobbins, James, Howard J. Shatz, and Alie Wyne. Russia Is a Rogue, Not a Peer; China Is a Peer, Not a Rogue. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2018.

Dodwell, Brian, and Don Rassler. “A View from the CT Foxhole: LTG Michael K. Nagata, Director, Directorate of Strategic Operational Planning, NCTC.” Combating Terrorism Center 10, no. 6 (June/July 2017).

Economic and Trade Agreement Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the People’s Republic of China. Washington, DC: Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, 2020.

Edel, Charles, and Hal Brands. “The Real Origins of the U.S.-China Cold War.” Foreign Policy, June 2, 2019.

Epstein, Gerald L. “Biodefense and the Return to Great Power Competition.” Nonproliferation Review (Spring/Summer 2020).

“The European Union and the Russian Federation.” European Union Web site, February 25, 2020.

“EU Global Strategy.” European Union Web site, June 14, 2019.

“EU-China Relations Factsheet.” European Union Web site, June 20, 2020.

Eurosystem: The International Role of the Euro. European Central Bank, June 2019.

Farah, Douglas, and Kathryn Babineau. “Extra-Regional Actors in Latin America: The United States Is Not the Only Game in Town.” PRISM 8, no. 1 (2019).

Fingar, Thomas. “China’s Vision of World Order.” In Strategic Asia 2012–13: China’s Military Challenge. Ashley J. Tellis and Travis Tanner, eds. Seattle: National Bureau of Asian Research, 2012.

Fingar, Thomas, and Jean C. Oi. “China’s Challenges: Now It Gets Much Harder.” The Washington Quarterly 43, no. 1 (Spring 2020).

Flournoy, Michèle. “DOD’s Role on Competing with China.” House Armed Services Committee, January 15, 2020.

Foreign Policy Concept of the Russian Federation. Moscow: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, November 30, 2016.

Franklin, Daniel. MegaTech: Technology in 2050. New York: Profile Books, 2017.

A Free and Open Indo-Pacific: Advancing a Shared Vision. Washington, DC: Department of State, November 4, 2019.

Friedberg, Aaron L. “Competing with China.” Survival 60, no. 3 (2018).

———. A Contest for Supremacy: China, America, and the Struggle for Mastery in Asia. New York: Norton, 2011.

———. “Getting the China Challenge Right.” The American Interest, January 10, 2019.

———. The Weary Titan: Britain and the Experience of Relative Decline, 1895–1905. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988.

Friedberg, Aaron L., and Charles W. Boustany, Jr. “Partial Disengagement: A New U.S. Strategy for Economic Competition with China.” The Washington Quarterly 43, no. 1 (Spring 2020).

Fukayama, Francis. “The End of History?” The National Interest, no. 16 (Summer 1989).

Fuxian, Li. “Why Ageing China Won’t Overtake the U.S. Economy as the World’s Biggest—Now or in the Future.” South China Morning Post, March 29, 2019.

Gao, George. “Why Is China So Uncool?” Foreign Policy, March 8, 2017.

Gentile, Gian. Four Problems in the Korean Peninsula: North Korea’s Expanding Nuclear Capabilities Drive a Complex Set of Problems. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2019.

Gerges, Fawaz A. The Far Enemy: Why Jihad Went Global. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Gilpin, Robert. U.S. Power and the Multinational Corporation: The Political Economy of Foreign Direct Investment. New York: Basic Books, 1975.

———. War and Change in World Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Glaser, Charles. Rational Theory of International Politics: The Logic of Competition and Cooperation. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986.

Goldstein, Lyle. Meeting China Halfway: How to Defuse the Emerging U.S.-China Rivalry. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2015.

Grab, Alexander. Napoleon and the Transformation of Europe. Hampshire, UK: Palgrave, Ltd., 2003.

Green, Michael, and Evan S. Medeiros. “The Pandemic Won’t Make China the World’s Leader.” Foreign Affairs, April 15, 2020.

Greenberg, Andy. Sandworm: A New Era of Cyberwar and the Hunt for the Kremlin’s Most Dangerous Hackers. New York: Doubleday, 2019.

Haass, Richard. “The Pandemic Will Accelerate History Rather Than Reshape It.” Foreign Affairs, April 7, 2020.

Hammes, T.X. Deglobalization and International Security. Amherst, NY: Cambria Press, 2019.

Hanauer, Larry, and Lyle J. Morris. Chinese Engagement in Africa: Drivers, Reactions, and Implications for U.S. Policy. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2014.

Harrell, Peter, Elizabeth Rosenberg, and Edoardo Saravalle. China’s Use of Coercive Economic Measures. Washington, DC: Center for a New American Security, June 2018.

Heath, Timothy, and William Thompson. “Avoiding U.S.-China Competition Is Futile: Why the Best Option Is to Manage Strategic Rivalry.” Asia Policy 13, no. 2 (April 2018).

Heginbotham, Eric, et al. The U.S.-China Military Scorecard: Forces, Geography, and the Evolving Balance of Power, 1996–2017. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2015.

Hersman, Rebecca, and Suzanne Claeys. Rigid Structures, Evolving Threat: Preventing the Proliferation and Use of Chemical Weapons. Center for Strategic and International Studies, November 2019.

“Hijrah to the Islamic State: What to Packup, Who to Contact, Where to Go, Stories & More!” Islamic State Foreign Fighters, 2015.

Hill, Fiona, and Clifford G. Gaddy. Mr. Putin: Operative in the Kremlin. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2015.

Homeland Security Advisory Council: Interim Report of the Countering Foreign Influence Subcommittee. Washington, DC: Department of Homeland Security, June 2019.

Horowitz, Michael C. “Artificial Intelligence, International Competition, and the Balance of Power.” Texas National Security Review 1, no. 3 (May 2018).

Huang, Echo. “Why China Isn’t as Skillful at Disinformation as Russia.” Quartz, September 19, 2019.

Ikenberry, G. John. After Victory: Institutions, Strategic Restraint, and the Rebuilding of Order After Major Wars. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000.

———. Liberal Leviathan: The Origins, Crisis, and Transformation of the American World Order. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011.

Indo-Pacific Strategy Report: Preparedness, Partnerships, and Promoting a Networked Region. Washington, DC: Department of Defense, June 1, 2019.

“An Interactive Look at the U.S.-China Military Scorecard.” RAND–Project Air Force Web site.

Interim Report of the National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence. Washington, DC: National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence, November 2019.

Irwin, Douglas A. “Historical Aspects of U.S. Trade Policy.” National Bureau of Economic Research, Summer 2006.

Jinping, Xi. “New Asian Security Concept for Progress in Security Cooperation.” Fourth Summit of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia. Shanghai Expo Center, May 21, 2014.

———. “Secure a Decisive Victory in Building a Moderately Prosperous Society in All Respects and Strive for the Great Success of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era.” Report to the 19th National Party Congress of the Communist Party of China, October 18, 2017.

Johnston, Iain Alistair. “The Failures of the ‘Failure of Engagement’ with China.” The Washington Quarterly 42, no. 2 (Summer 2019).

———. “China in a World of Orders.” International Security 44, no. 2 (Fall 2019).

Kagan, Robert. The Return of History and the End of Dreams. New York: Vintage Books, 2009.

Kelle, Alexander. “Power in the Chemical Weapons Prohibition Regime and the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.” International Politics 55, no. 1 (October 2017).

Kennedy, Paul. The Rise and Fall of British Naval Mastery, 2nd ed. New York: Humanity Books, 1983.

———. The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers. New York: Random House, 1989.

Kennedy, Scott. “Made in China 2025.” Center for Strategic and International Studies, June 1, 2015.

Keohane, Robert O. After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984.

Keohane, Robert O., and Joseph S. Nye, Jr. Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition. Boston: Little, Brown, 1977.

Keynoush, Banafsheh. “Saudi Arabia and Iran Are Adapting to Perpetual Conflict.” Atlantic Council, May 23, 2019.

Kindleberger, Charles S. The World in Depression, 1929–1939. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973.

———. World Economic Primacy: 1500–1990. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Kissinger, Henry. “The Coronavirus Pandemic Will Forever Alter the World Order.” Wall Street Journal, April 3, 2020.

———. On China. New York: Penguin Books, 2011.

———. World Order. New York: Penguin Books, 2014.

Koblentz, Gregory D. “Regime Security: A New Theory for Understanding the Proliferation of Chemical and Biological Weapons.” Contemporary Security Policy 34, no. 3 (November 2013).

Kramer, David J. “Russia Is No Great Power Competitor.” The American Interest, April 24, 2019.

Kramer, Steven Philip. The Other Population Crisis: What Governments Can Do About Falling Birth Rates. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2013.

Krastev, Ivan. After Europe. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2017.

Krauthammer, Charles. “The Unipolar Moment.” Foreign Affairs 70, no. 1 (1991).

Kyriakopoulos, Irene. “Economic and Monetary Union Governance: A Post-Crisis Assessment.” World Economics Journal 12, no. 4 (October–December 2011).

Lacey, James. Great Strategic Rivalries: From the Classical World to the Cold War. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.

Lardy, Nicholas. Sustaining China’s Economic Growth After the Global Financial Crisis. Washington, DC: Peterson Institute for International Economics, December 2011.

Lee, Kai-Fu. AI Superpowers: China, Silicon Valley, and the New World Order. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2018.

Liu, Xin. “What Sharp Power? It’s Nothing But ‘Unsmart’ Power.” University of Southern California Center on Public Diplomacy, November 15, 2018.

Lynch, Colum, and Elias Groll. “As U.S. Retreats from World Organizations, China Steps in to Fill the Void.” Foreign Policy, October 6, 2017.

Lynch III, Thomas F., and James J. Przystup, India-Japan Strategic Cooperation and Implications for U.S. Strategy in the Indo-Asia-Pacific Region. INSS Strategic Perspectives 24. Washington, DC: NDU Press, March 2017.

Mahnken, Thomas G. Forging the Tools of 21st Century Great Power Competition. Washington, DC: Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessment, 2020.

———. “A ‘World-Class’ Military: Assessing China’s Global Military Ambitions.” U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, June 20, 2019.

Mastro, Oriana Skylar. “The Stealth Superpower: How China Hid Its Global Ambitions.” Foreign Affairs 88, no. 1 (January/February 2019).

Mazarr, Michael J. “This Is Not Great Power Competition.” Foreign Affairs, May 2019.

———. et al. Hostile Social Manipulation: Present Realities and Emerging Trends. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2019.

———. et al. Understanding the Emerging Era of International Competition: Theoretical and Historical Perspectives. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2018.

McDonald, Scott, and Michael Burgoyne, eds. China’s Global Influence: Perspectives and Recommendations. Honolulu: Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies, 2019.

McMaster, H.R. “How China Sees the World: And How We Should See China.” The Atlantic, May 2020.

McNeal, Robert H. “The Legacy of the Comintern.” International Journal 201, no. 2 (Spring 1966).

Mearsheimer, John J. The Tragedy of Great Power Politics. New York: Norton, 2014.

Military and Security Developments Involving the Republic of China. Washington, DC: Office of the Secretary of Defense, May 2, 2019.

Missile Defense Review. Washington, DC: Department of Defense, 2019.

Morgenthau, Hans. Politics Among Nations. New York: Knopf, 1948.

Mueller III, Robert S. Report on the Investigation into Russian Interference in the 2016 Presidential Election. Washington, DC: Department of Justice, March 2019.

Murray, Williamson, and Allan R. Millett, eds. Military Innovation in the Interwar Period. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Naji, Abu Bakr. Management of Savagery: The Most Critical Stage Through Which the Umma Will Pass. William McCants, trans. Cambridge, MA: John M. Olin Institute for Strategic Studies, Harvard University, May 23, 2006.

National Biodefense Strategy. Washington, DC: The White House, 2018.

National Security Strategy of the United States of America. Washington, DC: The White House, December 2017.

National Strategy for Counterterrorism of the United States of America. Washington, DC: The White House, October 2018.

National Strategy to Secure 5G of the United States of America. Washington, DC: The White House, March 2020.

Nemr, Christina, and William Gangware. Weapons of Mass Distraction: Foreign State-Sponsored Disinformation in the Digital Age. Washington, DC: Park Advisors, 2019.

Nuclear Posture Review. Washington, DC: Department of Defense, February 2018.

Nye, Jr., Joseph S. “Get Smart: Combining Hard and Soft Power.” Foreign Affairs 88, no. 4 (July/August 2009).

———. The Paradox of American Power. London: Oxford University Press, 2002.

———. “Power and Interdependence with China.” The Washington Quarterly 43, no. 1 (Spring 2020).

Obama, Barack. “Remarks by President Obama to the Australian Parliament.” Washington, DC: The White House, November 17, 2011.

Odom, Jonathan C. “Understanding China’s Legal Gamesmanship in the Rules-Based Global Order.” In China’s Global Influence: Perspectives and Recommendations, Scott D. McDonald and Michael C. Burgoyne, eds. Honolulu: Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies, 2019.

Osnos, Evan. “The Future of America’s Context with China.” The New Yorker, January 6, 2020.

Outlaw Regime: A Chronicle of Iran’s Destructive Activities. Washington, DC: Department of State, 2018.

Overholt, William H. China and America: The Age of Realist Geoeconomics. Atlanta: Carter Center, January 2018.

———. China’s Crisis of Success. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2018.

Paal, Douglas H. America’s Future in a Dynamic Asia. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2019.

Parker, John W. Putin’s Syrian Gambit: Sharper Elbows, Bigger Footprint, Stickier Wicket. INSS Strategic Perspectives 25. Washington, DC: NDU Press, July 2017.

Pearce, Katie. “Pandemic Simulation Exercise Spotlights Massive Preparedness Gap.” Johns Hopkins Magazine, November 6, 2019.

Pei, Minxin. “China’s Coming Upheaval: Competition, the Coronavirus, and the Weakness of Xi Jinping.” Foreign Affairs 99, no. 3 (May/June 2020).

Perl, Raphael F. Drug Trafficking and North Korea: Issues for U.S. Policy, RL32167. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, 2007.

Polyakova, Alina. “Weapons of the Weak: Russia and AI-Driven Asymmetric Warfare.” Brookings, November 15, 2018.

Putin, Vladimir. “Russian President Vladimir Putin State of the Union Address. C-SPAN video, 1:58:05. Moscow: Manezh Central Exhibition Hall, March 1, 2018.

Rapp-Hooper, Mira. “Saving America’s Alliances: The United States Still Needs the System That Put It on Top.” Foreign Affairs 99, no. 2 (March/April 2020).

Rasser, Martijn, et al. The American AI Century: A Blueprint for Action. Washington, DC: Center for a New American Security, December 2019.

Ratner, Ely. “Blunting China’s Illiberal Order.” Senate Armed Services Committee, January 29, 2019.

Ratner, Ely, et al. Rising to the China Challenge: Renewing American Competitiveness in the Indo-Pacific. Washington, DC: Center for a New American Security, January 28, 2020.

Remak, Joachim. The Origins of World War I, 1871–1914. Hinsdale, IL: Dryden Press, 1967.

Robinson, Linda, et al. Modern Political Warfare: Current Practices and Possible Responses. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2018.

Rolland, Nadège. A Concise Guide to the Belt and Road Initiative. Seattle: National Bureau of Asian Research, April 11, 2019.

Ross, Alec. The Industries of the Future. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2016.

Roy, Denny. “China Won’t Achieve Regional Hegemony.” The Washington Quarterly 43, no. 1 (Spring 2020).

Rumer, Eugene, and Richard Sokolsky. Thirty Years of U.S. Policy Toward Russia: Can the Vicious Circle Be Broken? Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2019.

Saunders, Phillip C. “China’s Global Military-Security Interactions.” In China and the World, David Shambaugh, ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2020.

———. “Implications: China in the International System.” In The Chinese People’s Liberation Army in 2025. Carlisle Barracks, PA: Army War College Press, 2017.

———. Managing Competition with China. INSS Strategic Forum 242. Washington, DC: NDU Press, July 2009.

———. et al., eds. Chairman Xi Remakes the PLA: Assessing Chinese Military Reforms. Washington, DC: NDU Press, 2019.

Schmitt, Eric, and Thom Shanker, Counterstrike: The Untold Story of America’s Secret Campaign Against al Qaeda. New York: Times Books, 2011.

Schmitt, Gary, and Michael Mazza. Blinding the Enemy: CCP Interference in Taiwan’s Democracy. Washington, DC: Global Taiwan Institute, October 2019.

Schneider, Tobias, and Theresa Lütkefend. Nowhere to Hide: The Logic of Chemical Weapons Use in Syria. Berlin: Global Public Policy Institute, February 2019.

Schultz, George P., Jim Hoagland, and James Timbie. Beyond Disruption: Technology’s Challenge to Governance. Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press, 2018.

Schwab, Klaus. The Fourth Industrial Revolution. New York: Crown Business, 2017.

“Section 3: Threats to the Russian Federation’s National Security.” In National Security Concept of the Russian Federation. Moscow: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, 2000.

Shah, Sonia. Pandemic: Tracking Contagions, from Cholera to Ebola and Beyond. New York: Sarah Crichton Books, 2016.

Shambaugh, David. China Goes Global. New York: Oxford University, 2013.

———. “U.S.-China Rivalry in Southeast Asia: Power Shift or Competitive Coexistence.” International Security 42, no. 4 (Spring 2018).

Silver, Laura. “U.S. Is Seen as Top Ally in Many Countries—But Others View It as a Threat.” Pew Research Center, December 5, 2019.

Silver, Laura, Kat Devlin, and Christine Huang. “People Around the Globe Are Divided in Their Opinions of China.” Pew Research Center, December 5, 2019.

Smeltz, Dina, et al. America Engaged: American Public Opinion and U.S. Foreign Policy. Chicago: Chicago Council on Global Affairs, 2018.

Smith-Goodson, Paul. “Quantum USA Vs. Quantum China: The World’s Most Important Technology Race.” Forbes, October 11, 2019.

Sokov, Nikolai. Russia’s New Conventional Capability: Implications for Eurasia and Beyond. PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo 472. Washington, DC: Institute for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies, April 2017.

Steinberg, James B. “What Went Wrong? U.S.-China Relations from Tiananmen to Trump.” Texas National Security Review 3, no. 1 (Winter 2019/2020).

Stent, Angela. The Limits of Partnership: U.S.-Russian Relations in the Twenty-First Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2014.

Stronski, Paul. Late to the Party: Russia’s Return to Africa. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, October 2019.

Stronski, Paul, and Richard Sololsky. The Return of Global Russia: An Analytic Framework. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, December 2017.

Suciu, Peter. “5G Is Old News: China Wants 6G for Its Military.” The National Interest, April 28, 2020.

Summary of the 2018 National Defense Strategy of the United States of America: Sharpening the American Military’s Competitive Edge. Washington, DC: Department of Defense, January 20, 2018.

Traub, James. “After the Coronavirus, the Era of Small Government Will Be Over.” Foreign Policy, April 15, 2020.

Trump, Donald J. “Remarks by President Trump at APEC CEO Summit.” U.S. Embassy and Consulate in Vietnam, November 10, 2017.

Update to the Intellectual Property Commission Report. Commission on the Theft of American Intellectual Property. Seattle: National Bureau of Asian Research, 2017.

Uren, Tom, Elise Thomas, and Jacob Wallis. Tweeting Through the Great Firewall: Preliminary Analysis of PRC-Linked Information Operations Against the Hong Kong Protests. Report No. 25/2019. Canberra: Australian Strategic Policy Institute, 2019.

Volgy, Thomas J., Renato Corbetta, Keith A. Grant, and Ryan G. Baird. “Major Power Status in International Politics.” In Major Powers and the Quest for Status in International Politics: Global and Regional Perspectives, Volgy, Corbetta, Grant, and Baird, eds. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.

Walt, Stephen M. “International Relations: One World, Many Theories.” Foreign Policy, no. 110 (1998).

———. “Yesterday’s Cold War Shows How to Beat China Today.” Foreign Policy, July 29, 2019.

Waltz, Kenneth N. “Structural Realism After the Cold War. International Security 25, no. 1 (Summer 2000).

———. Theory of International Politics. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press, Inc., 2010.

Ward, Adolphus William, and George Peabody Gooch, eds. The Cambridge History of British Foreign Policy, 1783–1919, vol. 3, 1866–1919. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1923.

Wasser, Becca. The Limits of Russian Strategy in the Middle East. Santa Monica, CA: RAND 2019.

Weiss, Michael, and Hassan Hassan. ISIS: Inside the Army of Terror. New York: Regan Arts, 2015.

Westad, Odd Arne. “Legacies of the Past.” In China and the World, David Shambaugh, ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2020.

———. “The Sources of Chinese Conduct: Are Washington and Beijing Fighting a New Cold War?” Foreign Affairs 88, no. 5 (September/October 2019).

Wood, Tony. Russia Without Putin: Money, Power and the Myths of the New Cold War. New York: Verso Books, 2018.

Wright, Thomas J. All Measures Short of War: The Contest for the 21st Century and the Future of American Power. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2017.

———. “The Rise and Fall of the Unipolar Concert.” The Washington Quarterly 37, no. 4 (Winter 2015).

Wuthnow, Joel. Chinese Perspectives on the Belt and Road Initiative: Strategic Rationales, Risks, and Implications. INSS China Strategic Perspectives 12. Washington, DC: NDU Press, October 2017.

———. Just Another Paper Tiger? Chinese Perspectives on the U.S. Indo-Pacific Strategy. INSS Strategic Forum 305. Washington, DC: NDU Press, June 2020.

Wyne, Ali. “America’s Blind Ambition Could Make It a Victim of Global Competition.” The National Interest, February 11, 2019.

Zakaria, Fareed. The Post-American World. New York: Norton, 2008.

———. “The Rise of Illiberal Democracy.” Foreign Affairs 76, no. 6 (November/December 1997).

Zhang, Denghua. “The Concept of ‘Community of Common Destiny’ in China’s Diplomacy: Meaning, Motives, and Implications.” Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies 5, no. 2 (March 2018).

Zwack, Peter B., and Marie-Charlotte Pierre. Russian Challenges from Now into the Next Generation: A Geostrategic Primer. INSS Strategic Perspectives 29. Washington, DC: NDU Press, March 2019.